tclsh

Simple shell containing Tcl interpreter 

Tcl Applications


SYNOPSIS

tclsh ?fileName arg arg ...?


DESCRIPTION

tclsh is a shell-like application that reads Tcl commands from its standard input or from a file and evaluates them. If invoked with no arguments then it runs interactively, reading Tcl commands from standard input and printing command results and error messages to standard output. It runs until the exit command is invoked or until it reaches end-of-file on its standard input. If there exists a file .tclshrc in the home directory of the user, tclsh evaluates the file as a Tcl script just before reading the first command from standard input.


SCRIPT FILES

If tclsh is invoked with arguments then the first argument is the name of a script file and any additional arguments are made available to the script as variables (see below). Instead of reading commands from standard input tclsh will read Tcl commands from the named file; tclsh will exit when it reaches the end of the file. There is no automatic evaluation of .tclshrc in this case, but the script file can always source it if desired.

If you create a Tcl script in a file whose first line is

#!/usr/local/bin/tclsh

then you can invoke the script file directly from your shell if you mark the file as executable. This assumes that tclsh has been installed in the default location in /usr/local/bin; if it's installed somewhere else then you'll have to modify the above line to match. Many UNIX systems do not allow the #! line to exceed about 30 characters in length, so be sure that the tclsh executable can be accessed with a short file name.

An even better approach is to start your script files with the following three lines:

#!/bin/sh
# the next line restarts using tclsh \
exec tclsh "$0" "$@"

This approach has three advantages over the approach in the previous paragraph. First, the location of the tclsh binary doesn't have to be hard-wired into the script: it can be anywhere in your shell search path. Second, it gets around the 30-character file name limit in the previous approach. Third, this approach will work even if tclsh is itself a shell script (this is done on some systems in order to handle multiple architectures or operating systems: the tclsh script selects one of several binaries to run). The three lines cause both sh and tclsh to process the script, but the exec is only executed by sh. sh processes the script first; it treats the second line as a comment and executes the third line. The exec statement cause the shell to stop processing and instead to start up tclsh to reprocess the entire script. When tclsh starts up, it treats all three lines as comments, since the backslash at the end of the second line causes the third line to be treated as part of the comment on the second line.


VARIABLES

tclsh sets the following Tcl variables:

argc 

Contains a count of the number of arg arguments (0 if none), not including the name of the script file.

argv 

Contains a Tcl list whose elements are the arg arguments, in order, or an empty string if there are no arg arguments.

argv0 

Contains fileName if it was specified. Otherwise, contains the name by which tclsh was invoked.

tcl_interactive 

Contains 1 if tclsh is running interactively (no fileName was specified and standard input is a terminal-like device), 0 otherwise.


PROMPTS

When tclsh is invoked interactively it normally prompts for each command with % . You can change the prompt by setting the variables tcl_prompt1 and tcl_prompt2. If variable tcl_prompt1 exists then it must consist of a Tcl script to output a prompt; instead of outputting a prompt tclsh will evaluate the script in tcl_prompt1. The variable tcl_prompt2 is used in a similar way when a newline is typed but the current command isn't yet complete; if tcl_prompt2 isn't set then no prompt is output for incomplete commands.


PORTABILITY

Windows XP. Windows Server 2003. Windows Vista. Windows 7. Windows Server 2008. Windows 8. Windows Server 2012.


AVAILABILITY

PTC MKS Toolkit for Power Users
PTC MKS Toolkit for System Administrators
PTC MKS Toolkit for Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Interoperability
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-Bit Edition


PTC MKS Toolkit 9.6 Documentation Build 9.