tput

initialize a terminal or query terminfo database 

Curses Command


SYNOPSIS

tput [-Ttype] capname [parms ...]

tput [-Ttype] init

tput [-Ttype] reset

tput [-Ttype] longname

tput -S <<


DESCRIPTION

The tput utility uses the terminfo database to make the values of terminal-dependent capabilities and information available to the shell (see sh), to initialize or reset the terminal, or return the long name of the requested terminal type. tput outputs a string if the attribute (capability name) is of type string, or an integer if the attribute is of type integer. If the attribute is of type boolean, tput simply sets the exit code (0 for TRUE if the terminal has the capability, 1 for FALSE if it does not), and produces no output. Before using a value returned on standard output, the user should test the exit code [$?, see sh] to be sure it is 0. (See the EXIT CODES and DIAGNOSTICS sections.) For a complete list of capabilities and the capname associated with each, see the terminfo page.

-Ttype 

indicates the type of terminal. Normally this option is unnecessary, because the default is taken from the environment variable TERM. If -T is specified, then the shell variables LINES and COLUMNS will be ignored, and the operating system will not be queried for the actual screen size.

capname 

indicates the attribute from the terminfo database.

parms 

If the attribute is a string that takes parameters, the arguments parms will be instantiated into the string. An all numeric argument will be passed to the attribute as a number.

-S 

allows more than one capability per invocation of tput. The capabilities must be passed to tput from the standard input instead of from the command line (see example). Only one capname is allowed per line. The -S option changes the meaning of the 0 and 1 boolean and string exit codes (see the EXIT CODES section).

init 

If the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's terminal exists (see -Ttype, above), the following will occur: (1) if present, the terminal's initialization strings will be output (is1, is2, is3, if, iprog), (2) any delays (for example, newline) specified in the entry will be set in the tty driver, (3) tabs expansion will be turned on or off according to the specification in the entry, and (4) if tabs are not expanded, standard tabs will be set (every 8 spaces). If an entry does not contain the information needed for any of the four above activities, that activity will silently be skipped.

reset 

Instead of putting out initialization strings, the terminal's reset strings will be output if present (rs1, rs2, rs3, rf). If the reset strings are not present, but initialization strings are, the initialization strings will be output. Otherwise, reset acts identically to init.

longname 

If the terminfo database is present and an entry for the user's terminal exists (see -Ttype above), then the long name of the terminal will be put out. The long name is the last name in the first line of the terminal's description in the terminfo database [see term].


EXAMPLES

tput init 

initializes the terminal according to the type of terminal in the environmental variable TERM. This command should be included in everyone's .profile after the environmental variable TERM has been exported, as illustrated on the profile(4) manual page.

tput -T5620 reset 

resets an AT&T 5620 terminal, overriding the type of terminal in the environmental variable TERM.

tput cup 0 0 

sends the sequence to move the cursor to row 0, column 0 (the upper left corner of the screen, usually known as the "home" cursor position).

tput clear 

echoes the clear-screen sequence for the current terminal.

tput cols 

prints the number of columns for the current terminal.

tput -T450 cols 

prints the number of columns for the 450 terminal.

bold=`tput smso` offbold=`tput rmso` 

sets the shell variables bold, to begin stand-out mode sequence, and offbold, to end standout mode sequence, for the current terminal. This might be followed by a prompt:

echo "${bold}Please type in your name: ${offbold}\c"
tput hc 

sets exit code to indicate if the current terminal is a hard copy terminal.

tput cup 23 4 

sends the sequence to move the cursor to row 23, column 4.

tput longname 

prints the long name from the terminfo() database for the type of terminal specified in the environmental variable TERM.

tput -S <<! 
> clear 
> cup 10 10 
> bold 
> ! 

This example shows tput processing several capabilities in one invocation. This example clears the screen, moves the cursor to position 10, 10 and turns on bold (extra bright) mode. The list is terminated by an exclamation mark (!) on a line by itself.


FILES

$ROOTDIR/usr/lib/terminfo 

compiled terminal description database

/usr/include/curses.h 

curses header file

/usr/include/term.h 

terminfo header file

$ROOTDIR/usr/lib/terminfo/tabset/* 

tab settings for some terminals, in a format appropriate to be output to the terminal (escape sequences that set margins and tabs); for more information, see the Tabs and Initialization section of terminfo.


EXIT CODES

If capname is of type boolean, a value of 0 is set for TRUE and 1 for FALSEunless the -S option is used. If capname is of type string, a value of 0 is set if the capname is defined for this terminal type (the value of capname is returned on standard output); a value of 1 is set if capname is not defined for this terminal type (a null value is returned on standard output).

If capname is of type boolean or string and the -S option is used, a value of 0 is returned to indicate that all lines were successful. No indication of which line failed can be given so exit code 1 will never appear. Exit codes 2, 3, and 4 retain their usual interpretation.

If capname is of type integer, a value of 0 is always set, whether or not capname is defined for this terminal type. To determine if capname is defined for this terminal type, the user must test the value of standard output. A value of -1 means that capname is not defined for this terminal type.

Any other exit code indicates an error; see the DIAGNOSTICS section.


DIAGNOSTICS

tput() prints the following error messages and sets the corresponding exit codes.

0 

(capname is a numeric variable that is not specified in the terminfo database for this terminal type, for example, tput -T450 lines and tput -T2621 xmc).

1 

no error message is printed, see the EXIT CODES section.

2 

usage error

3 

unknown terminal type or no terminfo database

4 

unknown terminfo capability capname


PORTABILITY

The longname and -S options, and the parameter-substitution features used in the cup example, are not supported in BSD curses or in AT&T/USL curses before SVr4.


AVAILABILITY

PTC MKS Toolkit for Power Users
PTC MKS Toolkit for System Administrators
PTC MKS Toolkit for Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Interoperability
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers 64-Bit Edition
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-Bit Edition


SEE ALSO

Commands:
clear, stty

Miscellaneous:
terminfo


PTC MKS Toolkit 10.1 Documentation Build 15.