openssl rehash

rehash - Create symbolic links to files named by the hash values 

openssl command


openssl rehash [-h] [-help] [-old] [-n] [-v] [directory...]


On some platforms, the OpenSSL rehash command is available as an external script called c_rehash. They are functionally equivalent, except for minor differences noted below.

rehash scans directories and calculates a hash value of each .pem, .crt, .cer, or .crl file in the specified directory list and creates symbolic links for each file, where the name of the link is the hash value. (If the platform does not support symbolic links, a copy is made.) This utility is useful as many programs that use OpenSSL require directories to be set up like this in order to find certificates.

If any directories are named on the command line, then those are processed in turn. If not, then the SSL_CERT_DIR environment variable is consulted; this should be a colon-separated list of directories, like the Unix PATH variable. If that is not set then the default directory (installation-specific but often /usr/local/ssl/certs) is processed.

In order for a directory to be processed, the user must have write permissions on that directory, otherwise an eror will be generated. The links created are of the form HHHHHHHH.D, where each H is a hexadecimal character and D is a single decimal digit. When processing a directory, rehash will first remove all links that have a name in that syntax, even if they are being used for some other purpose. To skip the removal step, use the -n flag. Hashes for CRL's look similar except the letter r appears after the period, like this: HHHHHHHH.rD.

Multiple objects may have the same hash; they will be indicated by nincrementing the D value. Duplicates are found by comparing the full SHA-1 fingerprint. A warning will be displayed if a duplicate is found.

A warning will also be displayed if there are files that cannot be parsed as either a certificate or a CRL or if more than one such object appears in the file.

The c_rehash script uses the openssl program to compute the hashes and fingerprints. If not found in the user's PATH, then set the OPENSSL environment variable to the full pathname. Any program can be used, it will be invoked as follows for either a certificate or CRL:

  $OPENSSL x509 -hash -fingerprint -noout -in FILENAME
  $OPENSSL crl -hash -fingerprint -noout -in FILENAME

where FILENAME is the filename. It must output the hash of the file on the first line, and the fingerprint on the second, optionally prefixed with some text and an equals sign.



Display a brief usage message.


Use old-style hashing (MD5, as opposed to SHA-1) for generating links for releases before 1.0.0. Note that current versions will not use the old style.


Do not remove existing links. This is needed when keeping new and old-style links in the same directory.

Generate links for both old-style (MD5) and new-style (SHA1) hashing. This allows releases before 1.0.0 to use these links along-side newer releases.

Print messages about old links removed and new links created. By default, rehash only lists each directory as it is processed.


The path to an executable to use to generate hashes and fingerprints (see above).
Colon separated list of directories to operate on. Ignored if directories are listed on the command line.


Copyright 2015-2018 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or here: OpenSSL.


PTC MKS Toolkit for System Administrators
PTC MKS Toolkit for Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Interoperability
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers 64-Bit Edition
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-Bit Edition


openssl, openssl crl, openssl x509

PTC MKS Toolkit 10.4 Documentation Build 39.