secsh-keyscan, ssh-keyscan

gather ssh public keys 

Command


SYNOPSIS

secsh-keyscan [-vH46] [-p port] [-T timeout] [-t type] [-f file] [host|addrlist namelist] [...]

ssh-keyscan [-vH46] [-p port] [-T timeout] [-t type] [-f file] [host|addrlist namelist] [...]


DESCRIPTION

secsh-keyscan is a utility for gathering the public ssh host keys of a number of hosts. It was designed to aid in building and verifying ssh_known_hosts files. secsh-keyscan provides a minimal interface suitable for use by shell and perl scripts.

secsh-keyscan uses non-blocking socket I/O to contact as many hosts as possible in parallel, so it is very efficient. The keys from a domain of 1,000 hosts can be collected in tens of seconds, even when some of those hosts are down or do not run ssh. For scanning, you do not need login access to the machines you are scanning, nor does the scanning process involve any encryption.

You can also call secsh-keyscan as ssh-keyscan.

Security

If a ssh_known_hosts file is constructed using secsh-keyscan without verifying the keys, users will be vulnerable to attacks. On the other hand, if the security model allows such a risk, ssh-keyscan can help you detect tampered keyfiles or man in the middle attacks which have begun after the ssh_known_hosts file was created.

Options

-f file 

Reads hosts or addrlist namelist pairs from this file, one per line. If - is supplied instead of a file name, secsh-keyscan will read hosts or addrlist namelist pairs from the standard input.

-H 

Hashes all hostnames and addresses in the output. Hashed names may be used normally by secsh and secshd, but they do not reveal identifying information should the file's contents be disclosed.

-p port 

Specifies the port to connect to on the remote host.

-T timeout 

Sets the timeout for connection attempts. If timeout seconds have elapsed since a connection was initiated to a host or since the last time anything was read from that host, then the connection is closed and the host in question considered unavailable. Default is 5 seconds.

-t type 

Specifies the type of the key to fetch from the scanned hosts. The possible values are rsa1 for protocol version 1 and rsa, ecdsa, ed25519 or dsa for protocol version 2. Multiple values may be specified by separating them with commas. The default to fetch is rsa, ecdsa, and ed25519.

-v 

(Verbose mode.) Causes ssh-keyscan to print debugging messages about its progress.

-4 

Forces ssh-keyscan to use IPv4 addresses.

-6 

Forces ssh-keyscan to use IPv6 addresses.


EXAMPLES

Print the rsa1 host key for machine hostname:

secsh-keyscan hostname

Find all hosts from the file ssh_hosts which have new or different keys from those in the sorted file ssh_known_hosts:

secsh-keyscan -t rsa,dsa,ecdsa,ed25519 -f ssh_hosts | \
	sort -u - ssh_known_hosts | diff ssh_known_hosts -

FILES

Input format:

1.2.3.4,1.2.4.4 name.my.domain,name,n.my.domain,n,1.2.3.4,1.2.4.4

Output format for rsa1 keys:

host-or-namelist bits exponent modulus

Output format for RSA DSA, ECDSA, and ED25519 keys:

host-or-namelist keytype base64-encoded-key

where keytype is either ecdsa-sha2-nistp256, ecdsa-sha2-nistp384, ecdsa-sha2-nistp521, ssh-ed25519, ssh-rsa or ssh-dsa.

$ROOTDIR/etc/ssh_known_hosts 


BUGS

It generates "Connection closed by remote host" messages on the consoles of all the machines it scans if the server is older than version 2.9. This is because it opens a connection to the ssh port, reads the public key, and drops the connection as soon as it gets the key.


AUTHOR

David Mazieres <dm@lcs.mit.edu> wrote the initial version, and Wayne Davison <wayned@users.sourceforge.net> added support for protocol version 2.


PORTABILITY

All UNIX systems. Windows 7. Windows Server 2008 R2. Windows 8. Windows Server 2012. Windows 10. Windows Server 2016.


AVAILABILITY

PTC MKS Toolkit for System Administrators
PTC MKS Toolkit for Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Interoperability
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers 64-Bit Edition
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-Bit Edition


SEE ALSO

Commands:
secsh, secshd

PTC MKS Toolkit Connectivity Solutions Guide


PTC MKS Toolkit 10.1 patch 1 Documentation Build 2.