Tcl_Access(), Tcl_Stat()

check file permissions and other attributes 

Tcl Library Procedures


#include <tcl.h>

int Tcl_Access(path, mode)

int Tcl_Stat(path, statPtr)


char *path (in) 

Native name of the file to check the attributes of.

int mode (in) 

Mask consisting of one or more of R_OK, W_OK, X_OK and F_OK. R_OK, W_OK and X_OK request checking whether the file exists and has read, write and execute permissions, respectively. F_OK just requests checking for the existence of the file.

stat *statPtr (out) 

The structure that contains the result.


There are two reasons for calling Tcl_Access() and Tcl_Stat() rather than calling system level functions access() and stat() directly. First, the Windows implementation of both functions fixes some bugs in the system level calls. Second, both Tcl_Access() and Tcl_Stat() (as well as Tcl_OpenFileChannel()) hook into a linked list of functions. This allows the possibility to reroute file access to alternative media or access methods.

Tcl_Access() checks whether the process would be allowed to read, write or test for existence of the file (or other file system object) whose name is path. If path is a symbolic link on UNIX, then permissions of the file referred by this symbolic link are tested.

On success (all requested permissions granted), zero is returned. On error (at least one bit in mode asked for a permission that is denied, or some other error occurred), -1 is returned.

Tcl_Stat() fills the stat structure statPtr with information about the specified file. You do not need any access rights to the file to get this information but you need search rights to all directories named in the path leading to the file. The stat structure includes info regarding device, inode (always 0 on Windows), privilege mode, nlink (always 1 on Windows), user id (always 0 on Windows), group id (always 0 on Windows), rdev (same as device on Windows), size, last access time, last modification time, and creation time.

If path exists, Tcl_Stat() returns 0 and the stat structure is filled with data. Otherwise, -1 is returned, and no stat info is given.


Windows 8.1. Windows Server 2012 R2. Windows 10. Windows Server 2016. Windows Server 2019. Windows 11. Windows Server 2022.


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