Tcl_CreateTrace(), Tcl_DeleteTrace()

arrange for command execution to be traced 

Tcl Library Procedures


SYNOPSIS

#include <tcl.h>

Tcl_Trace Tcl_CreateTrace(interp, level, proc, clientData)

Tcl_DeleteTrace(interp, trace)


ARGUMENTS

Tcl_Interp *interp (in) 

Interpreter containing command to be traced or untraced.

int level (in) 

Only commands at or below this nesting level will be traced. 1 means top-level commands only, 2 means top-level commands or those that are invoked as immediate consequences of executing top-level commands (procedure bodies, bracketed commands, etc.) and so on.

Tcl_CmdTraceProc *proc (in) 

Procedure to call for each command that's executed. See below for details on the calling sequence.

ClientData clientData (in) 

Arbitrary one-word value to pass to proc.

Tcl_Trace trace (in) 

Token for trace to be removed (return value from previous call to Tcl_CreateTrace()).


DESCRIPTION

Tcl_CreateTrace() arranges for command tracing. From now on, proc will be invoked before Tcl calls command procedures to process commands in interp. The return value from Tcl_CreateTrace() is a token for the trace, which may be passed to Tcl_DeleteTrace() to remove the trace. There may be many traces in effect simultaneously for the same command interpreter.

Proc should have arguments and result that match the type Tcl_CmdTraceProc:

typedef void Tcl_CmdTraceProc(
	ClientData clientData,
	Tcl_Interp *interp,
	int level,
	char *command,
	Tcl_CmdProc *cmdProc,
	ClientData cmdClientData,
	int argc,
	char *argv[]);

The clientData and interp parameters are copies of the corresponding arguments given to Tcl_CreateTrace(). ClientData typically points to an application-specific data structure that describes what to do when proc is invoked. Level gives the nesting level of the command (1 for top-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval() by the application, 2 for the next-level commands passed to Tcl_Eval() as part of parsing or interpreting level-1 commands, and so on). Command points to a string containing the text of the command, before any argument substitution. CmdProc contains the address of the command procedure that will be called to process the command (that is, the proc argument of some previous call to Tcl_CreateCommand()) and cmdClientData contains the associated client data for cmdProc (the clientData value passed to Tcl_CreateCommand()). Argc and argv give the final argument information that will be passed to cmdProc, after command, variable, and backslash substitution. Proc must not modify the command or argv strings.

Tracing will only occur for commands at nesting level less than or equal to the level parameter (that is, the level parameter to proc will always be less than or equal to the level parameter to Tcl_CreateTrace()).

Calls to proc will be made by the Tcl parser immediately before it calls the command procedure for the command (cmdProc). This occurs after argument parsing and substitution, so tracing for substituted commands occurs before tracing of the commands containing the substitutions. If there is a syntax error in a command, or if there is no command procedure associated with a command name, then no tracing will occur for that command. If a string passed to Tcl_Eval contains multiple commands (bracketed, or on different lines) then multiple calls to proc will occur, one for each command. The command string for each of these trace calls will reflect only a single command, not the entire string passed to Tcl_Eval.

Tcl_DeleteTrace() removes a trace, so that no future calls will be made to the procedure associated with the trace. After Tcl_DeleteTrace() returns, the caller should never again use the trace token.


PORTABILITY

Windows Server 2012. Windows 8.1. Windows Server 2012 R2. Windows 10. Windows Server 2016. Windows Server 2019.


AVAILABILITY

PTC MKS Toolkit for Professional Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers
PTC MKS Toolkit for Enterprise Developers 64-Bit Edition


PTC MKS Toolkit 10.3 Documentation Build 39.