int wgetch(WINDOW *win);
int mvgetch(int y, int x);
int mvwgetch(WINDOW *win, int y, int x);
int ungetch(int ch);
int has_key(int ch);
When a character that could be the beginning of a function key is received (which, on modern terminals, means an escape character), curses sets a timer. If the remainder of the sequence does not come in within the designated time, the character is passed through; otherwise, the function key value is returned. For this reason, many terminals experience a delay between the time a user presses the escape key and the escape is returned to the program.
The following function keys, defined in <curses.h>, might
be returned by
Name Key name ------------------------------------------------------------------ KEY_BREAK Break key KEY_DOWN The four arrow keys ... KEY_UP KEY_LEFT KEY_RIGHT KEY_HOME Home key (upward+left arrow) KEY_BACKSPACE Backspace KEY_F0 Function keys; space for 64 keys is reserved. KEY_F(n) For 0<n < 63 KEY_DL Delete line KEY_IL Insert line KEY_DC Delete character KEY_IC Insert char or enter insert mode KEY_EIC Exit insert char mode KEY_CLEAR Clear screen KEY_EOS Clear to end of screen KEY_EOL Clear to end of line KEY_SF Scroll 1 line forward KEY_SR Scroll 1 line backward (reverse) KEY_NPAGE Next page KEY_PPAGE Previous page KEY_STAB Set tab KEY_CTAB Clear tab KEY_CATAB Clear all tabs KEY_ENTER Enter or send KEY_SRESET Soft (partial) reset KEY_RESET Reset or hard reset KEY_PRINT Print or copy KEY_LL Home down or bottom (lower left). Keypad is arranged like this: A1 up A3 left B2 right C1 down C3 KEY_A1 Upper left of keypad KEY_A3 Upper right of keypad KEY_B2 Center of keypad KEY_C1 Lower left of keypad KEY_C3 Lower right of keypad KEY_BTAB Back tab key KEY_BEG Beg(inning) key KEY_CANCEL Cancel key KEY_CLOSE Close key KEY_COMMAND Cmd (command) key KEY_COPY Copy key KEY_CREATE Create key KEY_END End key KEY_EXIT Exit key KEY_FIND Find key KEY_HELP Help key KEY_MARK Mark key KEY_MESSAGE Message key KEY_MOVE Move key KEY_NEXT Next object key KEY_OPEN Open key KEY_OPTIONS Options key KEY_PREVIOUS Previous object key KEY_REDO Redo key KEY_REFERENCE Ref(erence) key KEY_REFRESH Refresh key KEY_REPLACE Replace key KEY_RESTART Restart key KEY_RESUME Resume key KEY_SAVE Save key KEY_SBEG Shifted beginning key KEY_SCANCEL Shifted cancel key KEY_SCOMMAND Shifted command key KEY_SCOPY Shifted copy key KEY_SCREATE Shifted create key KEY_SDC Shifted delete char key KEY_SDL Shifted delete line key KEY_SELECT Select key KEY_SEND Shifted end key KEY_SEOL Shifted clear line key KEY_SEXIT Shifted exit key KEY_SFIND Shifted find key KEY_SHELP Shifted help key KEY_SHOME Shifted home key KEY_SIC Shifted input key KEY_SLEFT Shifted left arrow key KEY_SMESSAGE Shifted message key KEY_SMOVE Shifted move key KEY_SNEXT Shifted next key KEY_SOPTIONS Shifted options key KEY_SPREVIOUS Shifted prev key KEY_SPRINT Shifted print key KEY_SREDO Shifted redo key KEY_SREPLACE Shifted replace key KEY_SRIGHT Shifted right arrow KEY_SRSUME Shifted resume key KEY_SSAVE Shifted save key KEY_SSUSPEND Shifted suspend key KEY_SUNDO Shifted undo key KEY_SUSPEND Suspend key KEY_UNDO Undo key
All routines return the integer ERR upon failure and an
integer value other than ERR (OK in the case of
Use of the escape key by a programmer for a single character function is discouraged, as it will cause a delay of up to one second while the keypad code looks for a following function-key sequence.
Historically, the set of keypad macros was largely defined
by the extremely function-key-rich keyboard of the AT&T
7300, aka 3B1, aka Safari 4. Modern personal computers
usually have only a small subset of these. IBM PC-style
consoles typically support little more than KEY_UP,
KEY_DOWN, KEY_LEFT, KEY_RIGHT,
KEY_HOME, KEY_END, KEY_NPAGE,
KEY_PPAGE, and function keys 1 through 12.
The Ins key is usually mapped to
The get* functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4. They read single-byte characters only. The standard specifies that they return ERR on failure, but specifies no error conditions.
The echo behavior of these chars on input of KEY_ or backspace characters was not specified in the SVr4 documentation. This description is adopted from the XSI Curses standard.
The behavior of
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