parse suboption arguments 



#include <stdlib.h>

int getsubopt(char **optionp, char * const *tokens, char **valuep);

extern char *suboptarg;


The getsubopt() function parses suboption arguments in a flag argument that was initially parsed by getopt(). These suboption arguments must be separated by commas and may consist of either a single token, or a token-value pair separated by an equal sign. Because commas delimit suboption arguments in the option string, they are not allowed to be part of the suboption arguments or the value of a suboption argument. Similarly, because the equal sign separates a token from its value, a token must not contain an equal sign.

The getsubopt() function takes the address of a pointer to the option argument string, a vector of possible tokens, and the address of a value string pointer. If the option argument string at *optionp contains only one suboption argument, getsubopt() updates *optionp to point to the null separator at the end of the string. Otherwise, it isolates the suboption argument by replacing the comma separator with a null, and updates *optionp to point to the start of the next suboption argument. If the suboption argument has an associated value, getsubopt() updates *valuep to point to the value's first character. Otherwise it sets *valuep to a null pointer.

The token vector is organized as a series of pointers to strings. The end of the token vector is identified by a null pointer.

When getsubopt() returns, if *valuep is not a null pointer, then the suboption argument processed included a value. The calling program may use this information to determine if the presence or lack of a value for the suboption is an error.

Additionally, when getsubopt() fails to match a suboption argument with the tokens in the tokens array, the calling program should decide if this is an error, or if the unrecognized option should be passed on for other handling. In this case, the suboptarg variable points to the suboption for which a matching token could not be found.



Points to the suboption list. This pointer is updated to point to the next suboption, or to the end-of-string null character.


Is an array of token strings to match against suboptions. This array must be terminated by a null pointer.


Points to the value associated with a suboption, or is a null pointer if there is no such value.


The getsubopt() function returns the index of the matched token string, or -1 if no token string was matched. In addition, optionp, valuep and suboptarg are updated as described in the DESCRIPTION section.


UNIX 98, with exceptions.




The suboptarg variable is a non-portable extension to the UNIX 98 specification found on some systems.


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