getnstr(), getstr(), mvgetnstr(), mvgetstr(), mvwgetnstr(), mvwgetstr(), wgetnstr(), wgetstr()

accept character strings from curses terminal keyboard 

Curses Function


#include <curses.h>

int getstr(char *str);

int getnstr(char *str, int n);

int wgetstr(WINDOW *win, char *str);

int mvgetstr(int y, int x, char *str);

int mvwgetstr(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, char *str);

int mvgetnstr(int y, int x, char *str, int n);

int mvwgetnstr(WINDOW *, int y, int x, char *str, int n);

int wgetnstr(WINDOW *win, char *str, int n);


The function getstr() is equivalent to a series of calls to getch(), until a newline or carriage return is received (the terminating character is not included in the returned string). The resulting value is placed in the area pointed to by the character pointer str.

wgetnstr() reads at most n characters, thus preventing a possible overflow of the input buffer. Any attempt to enter more characters (other than the terminating newline or carriage return) causes a beep. Function keys also cause a beep and are ignored. The getnstr() function reads from the stdscr default window.

The user's erase and kill characters are interpreted. If keypad mode is on for the window, KEY_LEFT and KEY_BACKSPACE are both considered equivalent to the user's kill character.

Characters input are echoed only if echo() is currently on. In that case, backspace is echoed as deletion of the previous character (typically a left motion).


All routines return the integer ERR upon failure and an OK (SVr4 specifies only "an integer value other than ERR") upon successful completion.


Note that getstr(), mvgetstr(), and mvwgetstr() may be macros.


These functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4. They read single-byte characters only. The standard specifies that they return ERR on failure, but the single error condition EOVERFLOW() associated with extended-level conformance is not yet returned (the XSI curses support for multi-byte characters is not yet present).

SVr3 and early SVr4 curses implementations did not reject function keys; the SVr4.0 documentation claimed that "special keys" (such as function keys, "home" key, "clear" key, etc.) are interpreted" without giving details. It lied. In fact, the `character' value appended to the string by those implementations was predictable but not useful (being, in fact, the low-order eight bits of the key's KEY_ value).

The functions getnstr(), mvgetnstr(), and mvwgetnstr() were present but not documented in SVr4.


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curs_getch(), curses()

PTC MKS Toolkit 10.3 Documentation Build 39.