PTC MKS Toolkit Menu

PTC MKS Toolkit Product Documentation


PTC MKS Toolkit Utilities Reference>

Introduction — introduction to reference pages

Commands>

.> — execute KornShell script in current environment
:> — expand arguments and do nothing, successfully
[[> — test for condition
[> — test for condition
64decode> — encode or decode a file using base64
64encode> — encode or decode a file using base64
a2p> — awk to perl translator
addftinfo> — add information to troff font files for use with groff
afmtodit> — create font files for use with groff -Tps
alias> — display or create command aliases
appc> — arbitrary precision programmable calculator
ar> — create and maintain library archives
asa> — interpret ASA/FORTRAN carriage control
assoc> — set file extension association
at> — execute commands at a later time
autoload> — display or modify KornShell functions
autorun> — specify programs to run on bootup or login under Win32
awk> — data transformation, report generation language
awkc> — compile AWK programs into executables
banner> — display text in large font
basename> — display file name component of path name
bash> — POSIX-compliant (Korn/Bourne-Again) shell and command interpreter
batch> — execute commands at a later time
bc> — arbitrary-precision arithmetic calculation language
bdiff> — compare two text files and show differences
bindres> — encode resources and insert them into a specified text file
break> — exit from loop in a KornShell script
bsdftp> — Internet file transfer program
bsdtelnet> — user interface to the TELNET protocol
bsduuidgen> — generate universally unique identifiers
builtin> — execute a simple command
bunzip2> — compress or decompress files using block-sorting
bz2cat> — compress or decompress files using block-sorting
bzcmp> — compare bzip2 compressed files
bzdiff> — compare bzip2 compressed files
bzegrep> — search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzfgrep> — search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzgrep> — search possibly bzip2 compressed files for a regular expression
bzip2> — compress or decompress files using block-sorting
bzip2recover> — compress or decompress files using block-sorting
bzless> — display bzip2 compressed files on a page-by-page basis
bzmore> — display bzip2 compressed files on a page-by-page basis
c> — produce multi-column output
cal> — display a calendar for a month or year
calendar> — appointment reminder system
CA.pl> — friendlier interface for OpenSSL certificate programs
cat> — concatenate and display text files
cc> — interfaces to Microsoft C and C++ compilers
cd> — change working directory
cdate> — converts dates to seconds since January 1, 1970
chacl> — change the access control list on XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 objects
chgrp> — change the group ownership of files and/or directories
chmod> — change access permissions of a file
chown> — change the ownership of files and/or directories
cksum> — compute checksum and byte count for file
clean64> — fix 64-bit UNIX source for the Win64 environment
clear> — clear screen
cmp> — compare two files
col> — remove reverse line-feeds
color> — set default foreground and background colors for console window
comm> — compare sorted files and show differences
command> — execute a simple command
compress> — Lempel-Ziv compression of a file
continue> — skip to next iteration of loop in KornShell script
cp> — copy files
cpio> — archiver to copy and back up files
cpp> — C preprocessor
cppstdin> — run a C preprocessor on the standard input stream
crontab> — schedule regular background jobs
crypt> — encryption/decryption filter
csh> — C Shell, a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax
csplit> — split a text file according to criteria
ctags> — produce tags file for ex, more and vi
ctime> — formats and displays dates
cut> — selectively display fields or characters from input lines
cxx> — interfaces to Microsoft C and C++ compilers
date> — set and display date and time
db> — send SQL queries to a database via ODBC
dc> — arbitrary precision desk calculator
dd> — copy and convert input blocks
dde> — perform DDE client operations
declare> — assign attributes and values to KornShell variables
deroff> — remove nroff/troff formatter commands, prepare word list
desktop> — simple command line desktop manipulation
dev> — display device driver information
df> — display amount of free space remaining on disk
dgstsum> — create and check message digests
diff> — compare two text files and show differences
diff3> — compare three text files
diffb> — compare binary files and show differences
diffh> — compare two text files and show differences
dircmp> — compare directories
dirname> — display directory components of path name
dirs> — display all elements in the directory stack
dlg> — load and manage Windows dialog boxes
dmidecode> — Render System Management BIOS data in human readable form
domain> — display XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 domain information
dosname> — display the short name (8.3) or long name equivalent of file names
du> — summarize file space usage
echo> — display arguments
ed> — line-oriented text editor
egrep> — match patterns in a file
env> — display environment, set environment for process
eqn> — format equations for troff
etherwake> — etherwake - send a Wake-On-LAN Magic Packet
eval> — evaluate arguments in the KornShell
eventlog> — read, write, backup, enumerate, count, clear, and display an event log
ex> — display-oriented interactive text editor
exec> — execute a command in place of the current shell
exit> — exit from the KornShell
expand> — expand tabs to spaces
Expect> — programmed dialogue with interactive programs, Version 5
export> — mark names for export
expr> — evaluate expression
false> — fail, quietly
fc> — display, fix, edit and re-enter previous KornShell commands
fgrep> — match patterns in a file
file> — determine file type
filebox> — display an open or save dialog box
filever> — display file version information
find> — find files within file tree
flip> — convert text files between UNIX style and PC style
fmt> — simple text formatter
fold> — break lines into shorter lines
fping> — send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
ftype> — set file type association
functions> — display or modify KornShell functions
funzip> — filter for extracting from a ZIP archive in a pipe
gawk> — pattern scanning and processing language
gcc> — C and C++ compiler
gdf> — graphically display the amount of free space remaining on a disk
gdir> — graphically display and manage the current directory stack
gencat> — generate formatted message catalog
getconf> — display POSIX configuration information
getopt> — external command to parse shell file options
getopts> — parse options from shell script command line
ghist> — display and manage command history from a scrollable dialog box
gmake> — GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
gman> — display both standard and groff reference pages
gpending> — display file operations due to occur at reboot
gps> — display and manage process statuses in a scrollable dialog box
grconfig> — graphically configures the rshd and rexecd services
grep> — match patterns in a file
gres> — substitute for a pattern in a file
grodvi> — convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff> — front end for the groff document formatting system
grog> — guess options for groff command
grohtml> — HTML driver for groff
grolj4> — groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops> — PostScript driver for groff
grotty> — groff driver for typewriter-like devices
groupinfo> — manipulate XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 group information
gset> — graphically define KornShell settings
gunzip> — compress or expand files
gvar> — graphically view or define KornShell variables, parameters, functions, and aliases
gzcat> — compress or expand files
gzip> — compress or expand files
halt> — shut down the system
hash> — create a tracked alias
hd> — formatted file dump
head> — display first part of file
help> — display brief command explanations
hist> — display, fix, edit and re-enter previous KornShell commands
history> — display KornShell command history
hostinfo> — display name, IP address, and aliases of host
hpftodit> — create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
htdiff> — compare two HTML files and display differences
htsplit> — split an HTML file into tokens
htstrip> — strip tags from HTML file
iconv> — convert characters from one code set to another
id> — display user and group names
igawk> — gawk with include files
imake> — C preprocessor interface to make utility
imapmail> — manipulate mail messages on IMAP and POP3 mail servers
indxbib> — make inverted index for bibliographic databases
infocmp> — compare or print out terminfo descriptions
install> — copy files and set attributes
integer> — declare an integer variable
ipcrm> — remove message queue, semaphore, or shared memory identifiers
ipcs> — display information about active IPC facilities
jobs> — display the status of jobs in the current session
join> — join two sorted, textual relational databases
kill> — terminate process
ksh> — POSIX-compliant (Korn/Bourne-Again) shell and command interpreter
kterm> — multi-lingual terminal emulator for X
lc> — list file system elements in categories
ld> — interface to system linker
ldapadd> — LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapcompare> — LDAP compare tool
ldapdelete> — LDAP delete entry tool
ldapexop> — LDAP who am i? tool
ldapmodify> — LDAP modify entry and LDAP add entry tools
ldapmodrdn> — LDAP rename entry tool
ldapsearch> — LDAP search tool
ldapurl> — LDAP delete entry tool
ldapwhoami> — LDAP who am i? tool
less> — display files on a page-by-page basis
let> — evaluate arithmetic expressions
lex> — generate programs for simple lexical tasks
lex> — lexical analyzer generator
line> — copy one line of standard input
lkbib> — search bibliographic databases
ln> — create a link to a file or directory
local> — assign attributes and values to KornShell variables
logname> — display user name
look> — find lines in a sorted file which begin with string
lookbib> — search bibliographic databases
ls> — list file and directory names and attributes
lsacl> — list access control lists for object
lsshare> — displays information about a share
m4> — macro processing language
mailx> — read electronic mail
make> — maintain program-generated and interdependent files
man> — display online reference pages
manstrip> — strip the unprintable sequences out of online reference pages
mapimail> — send mail on a Win32 system using the MSMapi32 ActiveX COM object
md2sum> — create and check message digests
md4sum> — create and check message digests
md5sum> — create and check message digests
mdc2sum> — create and check message digests
member> — manipulate XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 group membership
mkcatdefs> — preprocess a message file
mkdir> — create a new directory
mkfifo> — create FIFO special files
mksauth> — password authentication service
mkscgi> — run scripts on HTTP server through Common Gateway Interface
mksdiag> — check PTC MKS Toolkit configuration
mks_env> — create and manage named shell environments
mkshare> — shares a directory
mksinfo> — display product serial number and other MKS information
mksrv> — run program or script as service
mkszip> — compress a file
mktemp> — create unique temporary file
mkurl> — create or modify a URL based on its component parts
more> — display files on a page-by-page basis
mount> — mounts file systems
msgbox> — display a message box and get response from user
mt> — magnetic tape control
mv> — rename and move files and directories
nc> — netcat - arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
ncenv> — configure NuTCRACKER Platform development environment
ncenv64i> — configure NuTCRACKER Platform development environment
ncenv64x> — configure NuTCRACKER Platform development environment
ncf77> — interface to Absoft Fortran 77 compiler
ncf90> — interface to Absoft Fortran 90 compiler
netcat> — netcat - arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
netnews> — receives and sends network news articles
nl> — number lines
nm> — display symbol table of object, library, or executable file
nroff> — emulate nroff command with groff
od> — formatted file dump
openssl> — OpenSSL command line tool
openssl asn1parse> — ASN.1 parsing tool
openssl ca> — sample minimal CA application
openssl ciphers> — SSL cipher display and cipher list tool.
openssl crl> — CRL utility
openssl crl2pkcs7> — Create a PKCS#7 structure from a CRL and certificates.
openssl dgst> — message digests
openssl dhparam> — DH parameter manipulation and generation
openssl dsa> — DSA key processing
openssl dsaparam> — DSA parameter manipulation and generation
openssl enc> — symmetric cipher routines
openssl gendsa> — generate a DSA private key from a set of parameters
openssl genrsa> — generate an RSA private key
openssl md2> — message digests
openssl md4> — message digests
openssl md5> — message digests
openssl mdc2> — message digests
openssl nseq> — create or examine a netscape certificate sequence
openssl ocsp> — Online Certificate Status Protocol utility
openssl passwd> — compute password hashes
openssl pkcs12> — PKCS#12 file utility
openssl pkcs7> — PKCS#7 utility
openssl pkcs8> — PKCS#8 format private key conversion tool
openssl rand> — generate pseudo-random bytes
openssl req> — PKCS#10 certificate and certificate generating utility.
openssl ripemd160> — message digests
openssl rsa> — RSA key processing tool
openssl rsautl> — RSA utility
openssl s_client> — SSL/TLS client program
openssl sess_id> — SSL/TLS session handling utility
openssl sha> — message digests
openssl sha1> — message digests
openssl smime> — S/MIME utility
openssl speed> — test library performance
openssl spkac> — SPKAC printing and generating utility
openssl s_server> — SSL/TLS server program
openssl verify> — Utility to verify certificates.
openssl version> — print OpenSSL version information
openssl x509> — Certificate display and signing utility
pack> — compress files by Huffman encoding
passwd> — change user password
paste> — horizontally concatenate lines
patch> — change file using diff output
pathchk> — check path names
pax> — archiver for data interchange and file backup
pcat> — display Huffman packed files on standard output
pending> — display file operations due to occur at reboot
perl> — practical extraction and report language
perror> — print error message for NuTCRACKER Platform error code
pfbtops> — translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pg> — interactively display files
pic> — compile pictures for troff or TeX
pop3mail> — manipulate mail messages on IMAP and POP3 mail servers
popd> — remove an element from the directory stack
portcheck> — scans specific ports on a machine
pr> — display and format files
print> — display arguments from the KornShell
printenv> — display environment variables and their values
printf> — display a formatted string
priv> — manipulate rights/privileges lists
process> — report NuTCRACKER Platform process information
ps> — display process status
psbb> — extract bounding box from PostScript document
psproxy> — remote ps service
pushd> — push a directory onto a directory stack
pwd> — display working directory
pwrmgr> — list and change power schemes
r> — edit and re-execute previous command
ranlib> — convert archives to random libraries
rconfig> — configures the rshd and rexecd services
rcp> — remote file copy
read> — input a line to the KornShell
readonly> — mark KornShell variable as read-only
realpath> — realpath - expand symbolic links and drive letters
red> — line-oriented text editor
refer> — preprocess bibliographic references for groff
registry> — display and modify the Windows Registry Database
reset> — terminal initialization
resh> — POSIX-compliant (Korn/Bourne-Again) shell and command interpreter
resize> — set TERMCAP and terminal settings to current xterm window size
return> — return from a KornShell function or . (dot) script
rev> — reverse character order of input lines
rexec> — remote execution
rexecd> — remote execution service
ripemd160sum> — create and check message digests
rlogin> — remote login
rlogind> — remote execution service
rm> — remove files
rmdir> — remove directory
rmshare> — remove a share
rsetup> — set up Windows NT LSA database entries
rsh> — remote shell
rshd> — remote shell service
scp> — secure copy (remote file copy program)
script> — make typescript of terminal session
secsh> — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
secsh-add> — adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent
secsh-agent> — authentication agent
secshd> — OpenSSH Secure Shell service
secsh-keygen> — authentication key generation, management and conversion
secsh-keyscan> — gather ssh public keys
secsh-keysign> — secsh helper program for host-based authentication
sed> — stream editor (non-interactive)
sendevent> — sends mouse or keyboard events
service> — manage XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 services
set> — set KornShell flags and positional parameters
sftp> — secure file transfer program
sftp-server> — SFTP server subsystem
sh> — POSIX-compliant (Korn/Bourne-Again) shell and command interpreter
sha1sum> — create and check message digests
shasum> — create and check message digests
shexec> — execute Windows operation on an application, document, or folder
shift> — shift KornShell positional parameters
shopt> — control optional shell behavior
shortcut> — create an explorer shortcut file
shutdown> — shut down the system with warning
sid> — display user's security identifier
size> — display object file sizes
sleep> — suspend execution for a specified time
smtpmail> — send mail using SMTP
snetnews> — receives and sends network news articles
snmpbulkget> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETBULK requests
snmpbulkwalk> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP BULK requests
snmpdelta> — monitors deltas of integer valued SNMP variables
snmpdf> — gets a listing of disk space usage on a remote machine via SNMP
snmpget> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP GET Requests
snmpgetnext> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP GET NEXT Requests
snmpinform> — sends an SNMP trap to a manager
snmpnetstat> — shows network status using SNMP
snmpset> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP SET Requests
snmpstatus> — Retrieves important information from a network entity.
snmptable> — obtain and print an SNMP table
snmptest> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP requests
snmptranslate> — translate SNMP OID values into more useful information
snmptrap> — sends an SNMP trap to a manager
snmptrapd> — service to receive and log SNMP trap messages
snmpusm> — creates and maintains SNMPv3 users on a remote entity
snmpwalk> — communicates with a network entity using SNMP GETNEXT requests
soelim> — interpret .so requests in groff input
sort> — sort/merge utility
source> — execute KornShell script in current environment
spell> — detect spelling errors
split> — split a file into manageable pieces
ssh> — OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-add> — adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent> — authentication agent
ssh-keygen> — authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan> — gather ssh public keys
ssh-keysign> — secsh helper program for host-based authentication
start> — start a new program in another window
stat> — gets file information
strerror> — display a system error message
strings> — display printable strings in binary files
strip> — remove debug information from executable files
stty> — set or display terminal options
su> — substitute user
sum> — compute checksum and block count for file
sync> — update the disk
sysinf> — display technical system information
tail> — display last lines of a file
tar> — USTAR-compatible tape archiver to copy and back up files
taskrun> — set up standard input for command, run command, and save output
tbl> — format tables for troff
TCL> — TCL language
tee> — clone output stream
telnetd> — DARPA TELNET protocol service
test> — test for condition
tfmtodit> — create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tic> — the terminfo entry-description compiler
time> — display CPU and elapsed times for commands
times> — display user and system times used by the KornShell and its children
tkpath> — perform various operations (mostly available in other commands) in a cygpath compatible way.
tksched> — PTC MKS Toolkit Scheduler
touch> — change file modification date
tput> — initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
tr> — translation filter
trap> — intercept abnormal conditions and interrupts
troff> — format documents
true> — do nothing, successfully
truss> — trace program on NuTCRACKER Platform
tset> — terminal initialization
tsort> — topological sort
tty> — display terminal name
type> — identify how KornShell interprets name
typeset> — assign attributes and values to KornShell variables
ugrep> — search for regular expressions from a dialog box
umask> — get or set the file mode creation mask
umount> — unmount file systems
unalias> — remove alias definitions
uname> — display system name information
uncname> — return the UNC name for a specified file
uncompress> — undo compression of a file
unexpand> — compress spaces into tabs
uniq> — display unique lines of sorted file
units> — conversion program
unpack> — decode Huffman packed files
unset> — remove KornShell variable or function
unzip> — list, test and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive
uptime> — display how long system has been running
url> — parse Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
userinfo> — manage XP/2003/Vista/7/2008/8/2012 user information
uudecode> — decode file encoded with uuencode
uuencode> — encode a file in 7-bit characters
uuidgen> — generate universally unique identifiers
vdiff32> — (Visual Diff) graphical version of diff utility
vi> — display-oriented interactive text editor
view> — display-oriented interactive text editor
viw> — Windows version of vi editor
viw_vs> — using viw as the Microsoft Visual Studio editor
vpax> — (Visual Pax) graphical interface to pax, cpio, and tar archives
wait> — wait for process to complete
wc> — count of newlines, words, bytes, and characters
wcopy> — copy from a specified file or standard input to the Windows clipboard
web> — transfer files to or from a Web server
whence> — identify how KornShell interprets command name
whereis> — display full path name for executable command
which> — display full path name for executable command
who> — display information about current users
whoami> — display user name
winctrl> — manipulate windows
windir> — display names and paths of Windows directories
wpaste> — write clipboard text to standard output or a specified file
ws> — display the name of the current workstation or desktop
wstart> — start a new program in another window
wts> — execute commands at a later time
xargs> — construct and execute command lines
xd> — formatted file dump
xterm> — terminal emulator for X
yacc> — parser generator language
yacc> — yet another compiler-compiler
zcat> — uncompress and display data
zip> — package and compress (archive) files
zipcloak> — encrypt entries in a zipfile
zipgrep> — search files in a ZIP archive for lines matching a pattern
zipinfo> — list detailed information about a ZIP archive
zipnote> — write the comments in zipfile to stdout, edit comments and rename files in zipfile

File Formats >

cpio> — format of cpio archives
$HOME/snmp/snmp.conf> — configuration file for the Net-SNMP applications
$HOME/snmp/snmptrapd.conf> — configuration file for the Net-SNMP trap daemon.
hosts.equiv> — file containing trusted remote hosts and host-user pairs
magic> — format of the magic file
netrc> — file supplying remote user names and passwords for rexec
pax> — format of pax archives
~/.rhosts> — file containing trusted remote hosts and host-user pairs
~/.snmp/snmp.conf> — configuration file for the Net-SNMP applications
tags> — format of tags file
tape> — format for SCSI tape device names
tar> — format of tar archives
utmp> — login accounting file format
uuencode> — format of uuencoded file
vi> — format of vi syntax configuration and map files

Miscellaneous >

ascii> — table of ASCII collating sequence
cc> — cc configuration files
dev> — UNIX-style /dev names for PTC MKS Toolkit
envvar> — standard environment variables
EUCM> — Single-rooted virtual file system for PTC MKS Toolkit
groff_char> — groff character names
groff_font> — format of groff device and font description files
groff_man> — groff `an' macros to support generation of man pages
groff_mdoc> — quick reference guide for the -mdoc macro package
groff_mdoc.samples> — tutorial sampler for writing BSD UNIX manuals with -mdoc
groff_me> — troff macros for formatting papers
groff_mm> — groff mm macros
groff_ms> — groff ms macros
groff_msafer> — groff -msafer macros
groff_out> — groff intermediate output format
iconv> — available code sets for conversion
ldap.conf> — LDAP configuration file/environment variables
.ldaprc> — LDAP configuration file/environment variables
makefile> — format of MKS Make file
mks_lex> — functions used with MKS lex
mks_lexplus> — C++ functions used with MKS lex
mks_yacc> — C interface to the parser produced by MKS yacc
mks_yaccplus> — C++ functions used with MKS yacc
openssl config> — OpenSSL CONF library configuration files
regexp> — syntax of regular expression patterns
security> — security related information
snmpcmd> — describes common options for SNMP commands
snmp_config> — describes how to configure the Net-SNMP applications
snmp_variables> — describes format of specifying variable names to SNMP tools
stat> — getting file system information from Win32
symbol> — C functions for symbol table management
timezone> — setting local time zone
unicode> — PTC MKS Toolkit Unicode support
vipc> — PC-specific set options to Vi
vista> — PTC MKS Toolkit and Windows Vista/7/2008